Although the first loudspeaker to bear the German Physiks name appeared in 1992, the history of the product predates this by several years.

In 1978 Peter Dicks, engineer, mathematician and sociologist, was a very frustrated man. Dicks, who had no professional involvement in audio engineering at the time, had become fascinated with certain fundamental problems of audio transducer behaviour. After years of mathematical modelling and physical experimentation, he had created a design that he believed decisively surpassed the then state of the art. By 1980 Dicks had succeeded in developing an extremely impressive sounding prototype based upon his innovative design concepts. He had also developed a complete theoretical model of the device’s operation. He expected these at the very least to elicit some degree of interest from the loudspeaker manufacturing industry. To his dismay, the numerous driver manufacturers he contacted throughout Northern Europe all responded with either condescension or disinterest.

It was only in the early 90s, after a series of prototypes had been heard by a number of audiophiles, that Dicks was finally contacted by a medium sized German company called Mainhattan Acustik, run by Holger Mueller an audiophile and IT expert. They made high quality loudspeakers employing conventional drivers and sold moderately well in Europe and the Far East. In contrast to the rest of the European loudspeaker industry, Mainhattan showed the first real interest in his work. Mueller, was intrigued from the start. The prototype which Peter Dicks had developed was on the face of it a derivative of a design for which Mueller already had the highest regard, the famous Walsh Driver, invented by maverick American transformer engineer, Lincoln Walsh.  Mueller himself owned a pair of Ohm F loudspeakers that used an early version of the Walsh driver and had always felt that the design had enormous untapped potential. As he examined Dicks’ rather unimpressive looking prototype and pored over the detailed design notes, he saw that much of that potential had now been realised.

Mueller agreed to license the design, and thus German Physiks was born. The company’s first task was to turn Dicks’ prototype into a commercial product. For the next two years they pursued that task, patiently extracting every improvement in performance that the Dicks Dipole Driver, or DDD, as the new design was called, was capable of.

Not satisfied with superb laboratory measurements and the unbridled enthusiasm of his listening panels, Mueller initiated an exhaustive life testing program to ensure the absolute reliability of the driver under the most severe conditions of use. In parallel Dicks worked on fine tuning the maths and the physical realisation, while Mueller worked on the aesthetics and industrial design, because he believed that the design of the driver must strongly express the company’s commitment to innovation through engineering and overall elegance of visual form.

Finally in 1992 Mueller was satisfied and the first loudspeaker to use the DDD driver came off the production line. This was the Borderland and it was marketed under a new brand name: German Physiks.


The Borderland met with immediate approval, quickly gaining sales in the Far East, a region that has historically been an excellent but demanding market for high end audiophile products.

In 1993, with sales continuing to rise, Mueller established a new company to exclusively manufacture the German Physiks range of loudspeakers.